Visa and immigration to EU Countries
According to the Treaty of Lisbon which came into force on the 1st of December, 2009 the European Union shares competence in migration policy which is a part of a boarder policy area – freedom, security, justice. This policy aims to establish a framework for legal migration, taking fully into account the importance of integration of third-country nationals into host societies. The EU legal migration cover the conditions of entry and residence for certain categories of immigrants.
Note: the third-country national is any person who is not a citizen of one of the Member States of the European Union, European Economic Area or Switzerland.
Temporary Residency Permit – an immigration status which issued to the third-country national usually for a one year period but may be issued for a shorter period of a time.
Permanent Residency Permit – an immigration status which issued to a third-country national and is allowed a person to reside indefinitely. The person with such a status is also known as a Permanent Resident.
The main criteria for acquiring the EU Permanent Residency Permit:
- a person has resided in EU territory legally and continuously for not less than five years. There are several conditions when a Permanent Residency Permit could be issued within a 3-year period, e.g. matrimony relations with a EU citizen;
- a person is able to prove sufficient funds to maintain himself and the members of his family. Furthermore, the sufficient financial means shall be regular and stable for during last 12 months;
Who can be qualified under EU Residency Permit:
- third-country national having a work permit issued by a EU citizen;
- a third-country national registered or purchased a business in the territory of EU Member State;
- a third-country national carry on his business activity in the territory of a EU Member State and registered as a self-employed, using his/her own financial sources;
- a representative of an overseas/international company, implemented its activity in the territory of a EU Member State;
- an overseas/third-country national investor invested funds in amounts specified by a EU Member State legislation;
- overseas/third-country national real estate owners who purchased a property at a minimum amount specified by the EU Member State legislation;
- family members of an EU Member State citizens (spouses, children under 18 years old and some other categories of relatives);
- international students taking a long-term academic course of study at a state accredited educational institutions;
- third-country nationals taking a long term medical treatment in the territory of a EU Member State;
- international clergymen implementing their missionary work on the territory of a EU Member State;
- financially independent retiree.
The European Blue Card
The EU Blue Card is a scheme to attract highly-educated, qualified and talented immigrants of third-countries national to the European Union.
It is scheduled to be enacted by EU Member States (except the U.K., Ireland and Denmark) by July, 2011. The EU Blue Card will radically change the European labour market. For the first time talented and educated individuals and workers with advanced work experience will be admitted by the whole of the EU not just one country.
The special EU Directive established also a single application procedure for a residence permit and a common set of rights for third-countries nationals legally working and residing in a Member State.
The main advantages for a Blue Card holders:
- ability to move between EU Member States on a periodic basis without getting a work permit to change jobs;
- those qualified for EU Blue Card will be able to bring their families to the EU under favorable conditions;
- EU Blue Card holders are given rights comparable to those as EU citizens lead to better integration and social cohesion;
- the valid period of a EU Blue Card will be between one and four years with the possibility to renewal;
- the gross annual salary should be at least 1,5 times the annual salary in a Member State concerned;
Feod Group has over the years established themselves as specialists in the area of immigration and all categories of visas to the U.K., Schengen Area countries, European Union Member States, the U.S. and Ukraine. Within the ever changing legislation to immigration law and visa requirements we at Feod Group are on the pulse of these rapid changes and in a unique position to assist you in Ukraine and overseas in obtaining your individual needs.